Tribhuvan University is a public university in Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. Established in 1959, TU is the oldest university in Nepal.In terms of enrollment, it is the eleventh largest university in the world. The university offers 2,079 undergraduate and 2,000 postgraduate programs across a wide range of disciplines.As of March 2017, the university has 60 constituent campuses and 1,084 affiliated colleges across the country.Since it is government financed, it is less expensive than private universities.
The state-owned university has expanded its programmes. There are five technical institutes and four general faculties. The university offers 115 courses for the technical proficiency certificate level. TU offers 1079 courses at Bachelor's level and 1000 courses at Master’s level. It offers Ph.D. degrees in the technical institutes and faculties.TU ran its programmes only through its constituent campuses before 1980. With the increasing number of students wanting higher education, it was not possible to accommodate all the students in the constituent campuses. This situation led to the establishment of colleges in the private sector because the constituent campuses alone could not meet the demand. From 1979–80, TU started providing affiliation to private colleges. As of April 2016, 1,084 private and public colleges were affiliated with TU.